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Five Causes of Tooth Pain
Five Causes of Tooth Pain

What could be more uncomfortable than a persistent tooth pain, which can range from a mild, throbbing sensation to a sharp, unbearable pain that simply won’t go away? Besides being painful, a toothache is a cause for concern regarding its source and what treatment is needed.

Regardless of its severity, pain in your teeth is a symptom that requires prompt dental attention. Here are five common causes of tooth pain and how they are typically taken care of:

Tooth Decay

Poor dental hygiene and/or eating sugary foods causes bacteria and plaque to slowly dissolve protective tooth enamel. Eventually, holes in the enamel (cavities) develop, exposing the dentin inside the tooth to feel sore. To relieve the pain and prevent further tooth erosion, your dentist must clean out the cavity with a drill and fill it with a composite resin.

An abscess

This is an infection – confirmed by a dental x-ray – that occurs when bacteria build up inside a tooth’s pulp chamber. The abscess drains out the tip of your tooth’s root and causes pressure to build up, leading to pain and swelling; also, a pocket of pus can develop around the tooth. An abscess most often is treated with antibiotics, but your dentist may have to cut and drain it as well, depending on the severity of the condition.

A cracked tooth

Even though tooth enamel is the hardest substance in your body, teeth can crack. If a tooth does crack, it can cause intense pain and sensitivity to hot and cold food and beverages. The crack may not even be easily visible if it’s on the root of the tooth. Depending on the location and extent of the damage, treatment by your dentist may be as simple as a filling or a crown. More severe cases, however, may require a root canal.

Tooth sensitivity

Over time, your teeth can develop a sensitivity to hot and cold substances. There are several ways to treat tooth sensitivity, including brushing with a special toothpaste like Sensodyne, which contain numbing agents; or applying more fluoride to your teeth. In any case, you should consult your dentist as tooth sensitivity may be a symptom of an underlying dental problem.

Gum disease

Bacteria due to improper dental hygiene can lead to gingivitis or periodontitis, two types of gum disease that make your gums swollen, tender and bleed easily. Left untreated, your gums may detach themselves from your teeth and form loose pockets that not only fill with bacteria but also expose the roots. Gum disease can be treated with more conscientious brushing, flossing, and/or antibiotics, but only if addressed in the early stages. In more severe cases, periodontitis may require surgery to clean the infected pockets and suturing to make your teeth fit more snugly.

If you have any form of tooth pain or sensitivity, tell your dentist. Since 2006, patients in the Las Vegas area have trusted the team at Dedicated Dental to care for their oral health. We treat patients from age four and up at our office in Henderson, Nevada. Take this important step for your dental health. To speak with one of our friendly staff and to make an appointment, call (702) 566-5509 today.